Nornickel offers palladium-based solutions for India's green hydrogen industry

  • Industry News
  • May 07,24
India is expected to produce at least 5 million tonnes of pure hydrogen per year by 2030 and at least 25 million tonnes by 2050 will be required to fuel transport, steel and ammonia production.
Nornickel offers palladium-based solutions for India's green hydrogen industry

Nornickel, the Russian nickel and palladium mining and smelting company, presented its innovative palladium-based developments to Indian experts during the Hydrogen Technology Expo (held in New Delhi from April 25-26) suggesting their developments are capable of increasing the efficiency of green hydrogen production in the country. 

Nornickel is a leading supplier of a wide range of base and precious metals that improve the efficiency of green technologies. The chemical properties of palladium, a critical metal for the hydrogen industry, are studied at Nornickel's Palladium Technology Centre.

Palladium has the unique ability to split a hydrogen molecule into atoms that pass through the metal and are then reunited into a molecule using the same palladium. Palladium is impervious to other gases. This is why palladium membranes are used to produce ultra-pure hydrogen. The diffusion of hydrogen in palladium allows easy gas recovery at a relatively low temperature.

The palladium prototypes developed by Nornickel have been successfully tested in Russia and have shown improved performance compared to existing commercial analogues. For example, a catalyst for an electrolyser with 30% palladium increases its activity by a factor of three, while the application of palladium in a tubular membrane has demonstrated a fourfold increase in membrane throughput in the production of ultra-pure hydrogen.

"In the hydrogen energy industry, palladium-based catalysts show efficiency gains at every stage of the production chain, in the electrolysis of hydrogen from water, in transport and directly in the fuel cell. In turn, palladium membranes are used to purify and produce ultra-pure hydrogen, which is needed for microelectronics, solar energy and the production of artificial diamonds," explains Anna Karzhavina, Head of Commercialisation of New Products, Nornickel.

India is one of the key countries in the development of hydrogen energy. The country is expected to produce at least 5 million tonnes of pure hydrogen per year by 2030 and at least 25 million tonnes by 2050 will be required to fuel transport, steel and ammonia production. However, to achieve these goals, India needs innovative solutions to modernise production and scale up green hydrogen applications. The Hydrogen Technology Expo brought together industry experts to discuss cutting-edge technologies in the hydrogen and fuel cell industries. 

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